Please Note: the effects of the keto diet are different for everyone. You should consult with a doctor or health professional before starting any diet plan. This information about the keto diet is presented for educational purposes only and may not pertain to your health condition.

A keto meal plan can include delicious foods like steak, cheese, and bacon (BACON!). Even chocolate is a possibility!

Want to know more? Here are basic facts about the keto way of eating.

What is Keto?

Keto is short for ketosis. Ketones appear when your body starts using fat as fuel instead of glucose. When your body converts fat into energy, it produces ketones and pushes you into ketosis. The average body holds up to 2 days worth of glucose in your muscle stores, but these stores become depleted when the body is subjected to low carbs over a 48-hour period. After a few days, ketosis awakens.

Don’t confuse ketosis with the deadly, dangerous state of ketoacidosis. Ketosis is a safe alternative to our normal state of glucose-fueled energy. 25g or fewer net carbs per day triggers ketosis. Net carbs are the remnants of subtracting the amount of fiber and sugar alcohols from a food’s total carbohydrate amount.

Health Benefits of the Ketogenic Diet

Weight Loss

Weight loss is one reason why people start eating the keto way. Once your body stops getting 200g-300g of carbs daily, you begin shedding water weight. This could mean experiencing a slimmer silhouette in just a few days. After a week, your body’s carb stores are depleted, turning its fat stores into energy. Those push-ups you perform each morning? You’re burning fat!

While everybody’s different, it’s normal to lose up to 10lbs in the first month. Individuals with heavy amounts of weight begin shedding lots of pounds very quickly. This process normalizes over time, allowing you to lose weight at a healthy pace.

Muscle Sparing

Under normal diet plans, the initial weight you lose is water, muscle, and fat. Under a keto meal plan, your body loses fat and water but retains muscle mass. When you exercise, you can either grow or strengthen your muscles depending on the fitness regimen. Exercise isn’t essential for keto weight loss, but it’s helpful. Short bursts of resistance and muscle fitness (aka HIIT: high-intensity interval training) garner the best results.

Diabetes

Diabetics are one of the main advocates of the keto diet. People have even reported a reversal of their condition by feasting using a keto meal plan. Not feeding your body sugar in the form of carbs, and lowering your insulin levels, leads to healthy blood sugar levels in the body.

Cholesterol

LDL cholesterol levels drop while HDL (good) cholesterol rises. Cholesterol is involved in controlling your hormones; a healthy balance is essential to your overall wellbeing.

Cancer

It’s speculative, but the keto way of eating is currently being studied as a way to treat cancer patients. Cancer cells feed on sugar at up to 10 times the rate of other cells, leading them to expand at a rapid pace. Deprive them of this sugar through a keto meal plan and the cells, in theory, begin to starve.

Because cancer cells cannot easily devour fatty acids, following a ketogenic diet can aid their demise.

Your Keto Meal Plan

Now that you’ve read the benefits, here’s a tantalizing glimpse of the food options available.

These are some tips for following a successful keto meal plan:

  • Stay below 25g of net carbs per day. Try to obtain carbohydrates from vegetable sources instead of starchy foods such as potatoes. Abstain from bread as much as possible.
  • Use our keto calculator tool to determine the minimum and maximum amount of macros (calories, fat, carbs, protein) to consume daily. It’s recommended to verify the findings with your doctor.
  • Utilize a carb calculator or keto search to measure the number of net carbs in a food and discover more low-carb foods.
  • Track your macros (net carbs, fat, protein, and calories) until you’re familiar with the nutrition amounts in your foods. FatSecrets is an iPhone/Android app that’s perfect for easy food tracking.

Let’s dive into the foods! Here’s what your keto diet can look like:

Keto-friendly foods that can be apart of a keto meal plan. This article answers: what is keto, what is keto meal plan, what are list of keto foods, why and how to calculate macro nutrients (calories, fat, protein, carbs).

Keto Food List

And this isn’t an exhaustive list! Certain fast foods can fit a ketogenic diet.

With these options, you’ll be able to cook mouthwatering meals, like lamb shank and creamed spinach, a killer mousaka, and low-carb pizza that’ll make you forget the real food.

Macros

You don’t need to restrict calories to starvation-rations on a keto meal plan. Intuitive eating is best—feast until you’re pleasantly full but not stuffed and bloated.

Most people keep a ratio of around C5/P25/F70. This means 5% of calories come from carbs, 25% from protein, and 70% from fat. (note: KetoFoodist highlights foods with net carb amounts that are within 10% of a food’s total calories)

Fat is necessary because it’s your new fuel. Plus its calorie-dense properties can temper your hunger. Keep your fat intake high to maintain energy levels and lower your cravings throughout the day.

Water

As your body loses the fluids associated with its carbohydrate stores, you’ll need to replenish them by drinking more water. Ketosis makes you thirsty; drinking extra H2O is the solution.

Salts

As your body depletes its glucose and water stores, it also loses sodium. To counter this, add salt to your foods. Use a potassium-sodium blended salt to replenish the potassium your body loses. One alternative to salt is a sweet, low-carb tablet that you can drop in water—called Nuun electrolyte tablets (aff link). Each tablet contains 4g of carbohydrates, with 1g of sugar.

What’s Next?

Keto is a great way of eating, but you may find it restrictive or tiring because you need to track your carbs and be mindful of it.

Armed with research, your list of health benefits, a food search engine, and a beginner list of delicious foods, you can now build your personal keto meal plan. Keep carbs low, fats high, and watch your proteins. Discover more about getting started with the keto diet. Here are some more guides you can read for living the keto way:

Want to discover other foods that are keto-friendly? Start your search today, or browse a list of restaurants with keto-friendly food options you’ll love.